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Hyperpigmentation - How to Recognize, Treat, and Prevent It?

Content:

Uneven skin pigmentation, or hyperpigmentation, is a common skin condition. On the face, hands, and other parts of the body that are regularly exposed to the sun, dark spots often appear - known as age or sunspots.

Over the years, their number increases, but nowadays, there are methods that can limit and reduce the occurrence of hyperpigmentation’s and in this way contribute to a more uniform and youthful appearance of the complexion.

What causes hyperpigmentation?

The cause of hyperpigmentation is excessive production of melanin. Melanin is the pigment that gives skin its colour. It is produced by skin cells called melanocytes.

Several different conditions or factors can lead to the production of melanin in the body, the main ones being exposure to the sun, hormonal influences, age, and injuries or inflammation of the skin. The result of hyperpigmentation are flat, darkened pigment spots on the skin, which can vary in size and color.

Types of Hyperpigmentation

There are several types of hyperpigmentation, the most common being melasma, sunspots, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation

  • Melasma: is usually caused by hormonal changes and often develops during pregnancy. Areas of hyperpigmentation can appear on any part of the body, but are most commonly on the abdomen and face.
  • Sunspots: are associated with excessive exposure to the sun over a longer period of time. They usually appear as spots on areas exposed to the sun, such as the hands and face.
  • Postinflammatory Hyperpigmentation: is the result of injury or inflammation of the skin. A common cause of this type of pigment spots are acne.

Causes and Risk Factors for Hyperpigmentation

The reasons for discoloration of skin areas are varied; they can come as a response to internal factors, such as hormones or individual medications, or external ones, among which the most common is the influence of UV rays.

Sun Exposure and Hyperpigmentation

Exposure to the sun is the main cause of hyperpigmentation, as sunlight triggers the formation of melanin. Melanin acts as a natural protection for the skin from the sun, shielding it from harmful UV rays, hence the skin tans after being exposed to the sun.

Excessive exposure to the sun can greatly affect this process and cause hyperpigmentation.

Hyperpigmentation and Hormones

Hormonal influences are the main cause of a particular type of hyperpigmentation, known as melasma, or chloasma. This is especially common in women and is believed to occur when the hormones estrogen and progesterone stimulate excessive production of melanin when exposed to the sun.

Hyperpigmentation can also be a side effect of some hormonal treatments.

Hyperpigmentation and Age

With the aging of the skin, the number of cells that produce melanin decreases, while the remaining ones increase and their distribution becomes more targeted. These physiological changes explain the increase in age spots in people over 40.

Hyperpigmentation, Injuries, and Skin Inflammation

As the name suggests, postinflammatory hyperpigmentation occurs after an injury or inflammation of the skin, such as cuts, burns, exposure to chemicals, acne, atopic dermatitis, or psoriasis.

The skin remains differently colored from the rest after the wound has healed.

Hyperpigmentation, Diseases, and Medications

Some diseases and medications can themselves cause hyperpigmentation.

Hyperpigmentation is also a symptom of some diseases, such as individual autoimmune diseases and gastrointestinal diseases, metabolic disorders, and vitamin deficiencies.

Tips for Skin Facing Hyperpigmentation

Identifying the cause of hyperpigmentation is of utmost importance in every aspect.

This is followed by a skincare routine strategy that should primarily support all the basic functions of the skin. The so-called basic skincare should be supportive enough for the skin to maintain balance and a healthy skin barrier.

Certainly, we must ensure quality and effective care that maintains the well-being of the skin; its elasticity, moisture, and nourishment. At the same time, we introduce into our routine products that are specifically aimed at reducing hyperpigmentations.

Supportive Care for a Healthy Skin Barrier

The basic foundation of healthy and beautiful skin is undoubtedly cleansing. The double cleansing step involves the use of both Omega cleansing oil and cleansing gel. Cleansing is followed by the first step of moisturizing and preparing the skin for further care.

For this purpose, use a Moisturizing Essence for a Radiant Complexion, which is also enriched with plenty of antioxidants, allies for a unified and youthful complexion. This is followed by steps of moisturizing, nourishing, and protecting, which bring balance, freshness, and a healthy glow to the skin.

Moisturising Bright Essence 100 ml

A lightweight hydrating serum that delivers deep-level hydration, plumps, and brightens the appearance of the skin while boosting .. Details

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For the best effect of supportive care in cases of hyperpigmentation, choose between the Complete Routine for Youthful Skin or the Complete Routine for Skin Balance. Finish your morning care by applying a cream with a high protection factor.

Products that Inhibit Excessive Melanin Production 

There are already several known active ingredients and extracts that can have a significant impact on fading pigmentation spots. It is important to choose a product that combines ingredients that support the process of evening out the complexion and lightening pigmentation spots.

Among the ingredients that have decades of research behind them and are also established in dermatology, azelaic acid certainly stands out, which in higher concentrations inhibits the synthesis of the enzyme tyrosinase and thus inhibits ex cessive melanin production.

Similar effects are also brought by plant extracts, which are among other things, also exceptionally strong antioxidants – CBD cannabinoid and licorice root extract. All of the above is combined in the formulation of an exceptional concentrate for evening out the complexion, which you can find under the name Skin Perfection Azelaic Serum

Skin Perfection Azelaic Serum 30 ml

This skin-perfecting serum clarifies uneven tone, reduces the appearance of redness, dark spots, breakouts, and hyperpigmentation,.. Details

$33.00
$33.00

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